The CoC Program is designed to assist individuals (including unaccompanied
youth) and families experiencing homelessness and to provide the services needed
to help such individuals move into transitional and permanent housing, with the
goal of long-term stability. More broadly, the CoC Program is designed to:
Promote community-wide planning and strategic use of
resources to address homelessness;
Improve coordination and integration with mainstream
resources and other programs targeted to people experiencing homelessness;
Improve data collection and performance measurement; and,
Allow each community to tailor its programs to the
particular strengths and challenges in assisting homeless individuals and
families within that community.
Under the CoC Program
Interim Rule, eligible applicants consist of nonprofit
organizations, State and local governments, instrumentalities of local
governments, and public housing agencies. An eligible applicant must be
designated by the Continuum of Care to submit an application to HUD for grant
funds. The Continuum's designation must state whether the Continuum is
designating more than one applicant to apply for funds, and if it is, which
applicant is being designated as the Collaborative Applicant. A Continuum of
Care that is designating only one applicant for funds must designate that
applicant to be the Collaborative Applicant. For-profit entities are not
eligible to apply for grants or to be subrecipients of grant funds.
The CoC Program interim rule provides that Continuum of Care
Program funds may be used for projects under five program components:
Supportive services only,
Homelessness Prevention (in some cases).
Administrative costs are eligible under all components. Where
possible, the components set forth in the Continuum of Care Program are
consistent with the components allowable under the Emergency Solutions Grants
program. The five program components that can be funded through the CoC Program
are listed below.
Permanent housing (PH) is defined as community-based housing
without a designated length of stay in which formerly homeless individuals and
families live as independently as possible. Under PH, a program participant must
be the tenant on a lease (or sublease) for an initial term of at least one year
that is renewable and is terminable only for cause. Further, leases (or
subleases) must be renewable for a minimum term of one month. The CoC Program
funds two types of permanent housing: permanent supportive housing (PSH) for
persons with disabilities and rapid re-housing. Permanent supportive housing is
permanent housing with indefinite leasing or rental assistance paired with
supportive services to assist homeless persons with a disability or families
with an adult or child member with a disability achieve housing stability. Rapid
re-housing (RRH) emphasizes housing search and relocation services and short-
and medium-term rental assistance to move homeless persons and families (with or
without a disability) as rapidly as possible into permanent housing.
Transitional housing (TH) is designed to provide homeless individuals and families with the interim stability and support to successfully move to and maintain permanent housing. Transitional housing may be used to cover the costs of up to 24 months of housing with accompanying supportive services. Program participants must have a lease (or sublease) or occupancy agreement in place when residing in transitional housing. The provisions of the CoC Programís TH program component have not changed significantly from the TH provisions under SHP.
Supportive Services Only
The supportive services only (SSO) program component allows recipients and subrecipients to provide services to homeless individuals and families not residing in housing operated by the recipient. SSO recipients and subrecipients may use the funds to conduct outreach to sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons and families, link clients with housing or other necessary services, and provide ongoing support. SSO projects may be offered in a structure or structures at one central site, or in multiple buildings at scattered sites where services are delivered. Projects may be operated independent of a building (e.g., street outreach) and in a variety of community-based settings, including in homeless programs operated by other agencies.
Homeless Management Information System
Funds under this component may be used only by Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) leads for leasing a structure in which the HMIS operates, for operating the structure in which the HMIS is housed, and/or for covering other costs related to establishing, operating, and customizing a CoCís HMIS. Other recipients and subrecipients may not apply for funds under the HMIS program component, but may include costs associated with contributing data to the CoCís HMIS within their project under another program component (PH, TH, SSO, or HP).
Recipients and subrecipients located in HUD-designated High Performing Communities (HPCs) may use CoC Program funds for homelessness prevention assistance for individuals and families at risk of homelessness. The services under this component may include housing relocation and stabilization services as well as short- and medium-term rental assistance to prevent an individual or family from becoming homeless. Through this component, recipients and subrecipients may help individuals and families at-risk of homelessness to maintain their existing housing or transition to new permanent housing. Homelessness prevention must be administered in accordance with 24 CFR part 576.
The City-Parish and the Capital Area Alliance for the
Homeless (CAAH), a coalition of organizations that serve the homeless population
in Baton Rouge and surrounding areas, are joined together to embrace the
"Continuum of Care" concept as defined by HUD. The City-Parish and the CAAH has
continuously submitted successful consolidated applications for Continuum of
Care Homeless Assistance NOFAs. The competitive applications are developed
cooperatively by the City-Parish and the CAAH, with the organization (CAAH)
determining the priorities for types of programs being assisted. The City-Parish
serves as the official grant applicant for all applications. The existing
homeless assistance programs that comprise the Continuum of Care program are the
following: the Supportive Housing program, the Shelter Plus Care program, and
the Moderate Rehabilitation/Single Room Occupancy (SRO) program. Projects funded
under Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Applications fall under the Stewart
B. McKinney Supportive Housing Program.